Znotes chemistry

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The Best Chemistry AS and A Level Notes, Revision Guides, Tips and Websites compiled from all around the world at one place for your ease so you can prepare for your tests and examinations with the satisfaction that you have the best resources available to you. Chemistry is the branch of science that deals with the identification of the substances of which matter is composed; the investigation of their properties and the ways in which they interact, combine, and change; and the use of these processes to form new substances.

These are some Chemistry A Level Notes that will certainly aid you in your preparation:. The Student Room. If you have extra notes or resources please contribute to the website and help thousands of people.

The Best Chemistry AS and A Level Notes

In addition, your name will be written in the credits section of this post. The A2 revision Topical notes are not complete. They are only till chapter 26…please upload the rest. They are awesome notes. Please do upload some As chemistry P3 notes I always stuck in solving questions of p3. This is a very nice website, a very established one indeed. Please do visit my website, if you have the time. You may find something which may be very useful to you. The notes are precised and to the point.

Hi Aadarsh, I have checked and the permissions are fine. Hey guy I am an As student can someone help me and will solve the problems together with me on whatsapp this is my number Hey Bro A Few days ago this website was working well. Thank you for the notes. However, for lattice energy in A2 Revision topical notes 2, the images are not coming out at all and there is failure of printing.

Please fix. I have contacted the creator of these notes and I will update you as soon as Chapter 20 is fixed. You should keep the syllabus on hand. They were not made for the syllabus but most of the things are there.It is written by students around the world who have aced their exams and wish to collaborate, wanting others globally to learn and excel as well.

Biology, chemistry, maths, information communication technology and physics. Even now during my A levels, Znotes has not ceased to aid my tests and attentiveness in class.

I put more thought onto it and turned from being the one requesting to the one creating. I took initiative and contacted the owner through slack, and was soon sent the template around August.

I studied the EM syllabus, but had to make notes for The content was so vast and explanatory, not straightforward like so in my textbook. I had to make sure the many pages I read were shortened to succinct note form, and that they correlated with the syllabus content. Formatting was not that hard, but super time consuming. Appropriate punctuation, bullet levels, images, headers— you name it.

Soon I realised it is a stepping stone towards making a difference and helping people in this world, which has always been my ultimate goal whilst carrying out all my actions. It looks very professional, covers the entire syllabus, and in the end I just really hope all my hard work and effort pays off. Before I conclude, I highly encourage you all to check the notes out, perhaps by skimming through just to view the amount of effort it took us and let me know your thoughts!

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znotes chemistry

Email required Address never made public. Name required. Create your website with WordPress. Write a Comment Email Required Name Required Website. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Cookie Policy.Free Igcse Chemistry Revision Notes that will help you in revising for your exams. Also check out our other helpful revision resources for Igcse Chemistry September 29, Igcse Chemistry Revision Notes 0.

Watch the following video lecture completely to fully understand the concept. Measurement: The following table shows the appropriate apparatus needed for the measurement of time, temperature, mass and volume used in Experimental Chemistry. Collection Of Gases: Upward Delivery: Upward delivery is used to collect gases that are less dense than air. Hydrogen and Ammonia. Downward Delivery: Downward delivery is used …. Matter: Matter is any substance that has mass and occupies space.

When dissolved in water, they can conduct electricity. Acid reacts with Metals to produce …. Bases: Bases are metal oxides and metal Hydroxides. Salts: Salts are Ionic Compounds. A Salt contains a positive metal ion and a negative non — metal ion. Properties Of Ammonia: Colourless gas, with strong choking smell.

It is less dense than air and reacts with hydrogen chloride gas to form a white smoke.

A Level Chemistry Notes & Worksheets

Ammonia is soluble in alkaline — reacts with acids to form …. Sulphuric Acid: It is a colourless oily yellow liquid, with density slightly higher than water. It is soluble in water and emits heat when dissolved in water — exothermic in nature.

Sulphur is burned in …. Writing Ionic Equations: An ionic equation is a simplified chemical equation that shows the reactions of ionic compounds in water. Ionic compounds are those compounds, which are soluble in water. Inorder to write an ionic equation: Write the balanced chemical equation of the reaction.

CIE IGCSE Chemistry 0620

Include the state symbols. Identify ionic …. Homologous Series: A set of organic compounds with similar chemical properties, with a general formula and showing a gradation in physical properties as a result of increase in the size of mass of the molecule. The formula of each mwmber differs from the previous one by an extra —CH2 group ….

Downward Delivery: Downward delivery is used … Read More ». Acid reacts with Metals to produce … Read More ». Ammonia is soluble in alkaline — reacts with acids to form … Read More ».

Sulphur is burned in … Read More ». Identify ionic … Read More ». The formula of each mwmber differs from the previous one by an extra —CH2 group … Read More ».This covers all the topics and modules for all specifications including Topics that are covered include 1. The particulate nature of matter; 2. Experimental techniques; 3. Atoms, elements and compounds; 4. Stoichiometry; 5. Electricity and chemistry; 6.

Chemical energetics; 7. Chemical reactions; 8. Acids, bases and salts; 9. The Periodic Table; Metals; Air and water; Sulfur; Carbonates; Organic chemistry. The particulate nature of matter:. Atoms, elements and compounds:. The particulate nature of matter 2. Experimental techniques 3. Atoms, elements and compounds 4.The syllabus includes the main theoretical concepts which are fundamental to the subject, a section on some current applications of chemistry, and a strong emphasis on advanced practical skills.

Practical skills are assessed in a timetabled practical examination. The emphasis throughout is on the understanding of concepts and the application of chemistry ideas in novel contexts as well as on the acquisition of knowledge. The course encourages creative thinking and problem-solving skills which are transferable to any future career path. Cambridge International AS and A Level Chemistry is ideal for learners who want to study chemistry or a wide variety of related subjects at university or to follow a career in science.

Please note that the Scheme of Assessment has changed since CD Resources. Please enter your full name. Please enter your email address. Please enter examination board. Please enter subject name. Please enter subject code. Invalid Input Maximum 10MB. Invalid Input Please enter links to files for sizes over 10MB.

Atomic Structure 1- Multiple Choice. Atomic Structure 2- Multiple Choice. Atomic Structure 1 - Theory. Atomic Structure 2 - Theory. Atomic Structure 3 - Theory. Atomic Structure 4 - Theory. Ato mic Structure 5 - Theory. Atomic Structure 5 - Theory. States of Matter 1- Multiple Choice. States of Matter 2- Multiple Choice. States of Matter 1 - Theory. States of Matter 2 - Theory. States of Matter 3 - Theory.

States of M atter 4 - Theory. States of Matter 4 - Theory. Born-Haber Cycles- Multiple Choice.The Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry syllabus enables learners to understand the technological world in which they live, and take an informed interest in science and scientific developments.

Learners gain an understanding of the basic principles of Chemistry through a mix of theoretical and practical studies. They also develop an understanding of the scientific skills essential for further study at Cambridge International A Level, skills which are useful in everyday life. As they progress, learners understand how science is studied and practised, and become aware that the results of scientific research can have both good and bad effects on individuals, communities and the environment.

znotes chemistry

CD Resources. Includes sulfur dioxide questions - Multiple Choice Manufacture and uses. Includes sulfur dioxide questions Alternative to Practicals Manufacture and uses. Please enter your full name. Please enter your email address. Please enter examination board. Please enter subject name. Please enter subject code. Invalid Input Maximum 10MB. Invalid Input Please enter links to files for sizes over 10MB. Measurement - Multiple Choice. Measurement - Multiple Choice MS.

Criteria of purity - Multiple Choice. Criteria of purity - Multiple Choice MS. Methods of purification - Multiple Choice.

znotes chemistry

Methods of purification - Multiple Choice MS. Experimental techniques EXT Theory 1. Experimental techniques EXT Theory 2. Experimental techniques Alternative to Practical Paper 1. Experimental techniques Alternative to Practical Paper 2. Experimental techniques Alternative to Practical Paper 3. Atomic structure and the Periodic Table - Multiple Choice. Bonding: the structure of matter - Multiple Choice.

Bonding: the structure of matter - Multiple Choice MS. Ions and ionic bonds - Multiple Choice. Ions and ionic bonds - Multiple Choice MS.

Molecules and covalent bonds - Multiple Choice. Molecules and covalent bonds - Multiple Choice MS. Macromolecules - Multiple Choice. Macromolecules - Multiple Choice MS. Atoms, elements and compounds EXT Theory 1. Atoms, elements and compounds EXT Theory 2. Atoms, elements and compounds EXT Theory 3.The one most often used is gas syringe. I think it is better to limit the volume of syringe to less than cm3. Also, the volume of a commonly used small test tube is around 16 cm3 and that of a boiling tube is about 25 cm3.

We always have to keep the volume of the apparatus we are using while choosing the volume of the solution for the planning. Saying that we are going to place 50cm3 of aqueous HCl in a test tube is of course not going to please the examiners. I think I ended up doing the same in one of the papers where we had to prepare different concentrations of a given solution. I chose volume of water to be added to a beaker to be cm3. However, the ER stated that the volume should be less than cm3, that so being since the volume of a commonly used glass beaker is around cm3.

Someone carrying out my expm would have a fully filled beaker. However, we can use greater volume if we state that the volume of the beaker is cm3 or cm3 or so on. So, stating the volume of the apparatus is very very important. The question of percentage errors are usually asked in P5. The percentage error becomes very unacceptable if we are measuring SMALL volumes of solution or small masses.

While heating crystals strongly, do not use a simple test tube or any apparatus with sharp edges as they are liable to crack at the sharp edges. For very strong heating to a constant mass, a crucible placed on a pipe clay triangle is appropriate. So, allow the crucible to cool for a few minutes by placing it on a heat mat. How to prepare crystals which is also linked with solubility Many methods are mentioned in MS but I found this to be the simplest: CIE usually demands us to prepare crystal after preparing a saturated solution of the crystal.

So, we have to prepare a saturated solution first: 1. Take a fixed volume of water in a beaker of appropriate volume 2. Add the crystal to the water and stir continuously. You have to allow some time for the crystal to dissolve as it is an equilibrium process 3. After 5 min of stirringif no solid crystals appear, add further mass of crystal 4. And repeat the process until solid appears in the beaker 5.

znotes chemistry

Filter the solution using a filter paper and funnel so that the saturated solution is collected in a beaker whose mass has been measured previously beneath the funnel Now we have a saturated solution in a beaker. How to get the crystals: 1. We have to place the beaker in a warm water bath. We could use a burner as well but there is a risk of overheating the solution which could decompose the crystal. If the heat is appropriate, the water of the solution should evaporate and we should have dry crystals ready.

How to measure solubility: 6. Subtract the mass of beaker from the mass in 6 to get the mass of saturated solution 8. And evaporate as shown above to get the mass of crystals. Subtract mass of beaker from mass in 8 to get the mass of crystals Subtract the mass of crystals from the mass of saturated solution to get the mass of water in the solution I have assumed that all the masses are in grams.